"Estonians were—in Anton Weiss-Wendt’s telling words—the Third Reich’s ‘perfect collaborators.’ Shamed by the Soviet occupation in 1940 and seduced by the prospect of preferential treatment from the Nazis as the most racially superior people of Eastern Europe, Estonians welcomed the Nazis as liberators, not conquerors, and embraced their cause out of a perverted nationalism rather than anti-Semitism. Through extraordinary research, Anton Weiss-Wendt has illuminated a hitherto unknown chapter of the Holocaust in fascinating and vivid detail."—Christopher R. Browning, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
"Anton Weiss-Wendt does an outstanding job of chronicling the Holocaust in Estonia"—Holocaust and Genocide Studies
"A comprehensive and detailed comparative study that covers not only the history of Estonia’s own Jews but also the fate of the Jews of other nations who were transported to Estonian camps."—East European Jewish Affairs
"A valuable contribution to scholarship on the Holocaust and World War II. . . .Weiss-Wendt's book is empirically rich and vivid."—Slavic Review
In this detailed study of Estonians’ role in the Holocaust, Anton Weiss-Wendt casts light on a largely unexplored subject. A country known for its benevolent treatment of ethnic minorities, Estonia had a small number of indigenous Jews, and anti-Semitism existed on a relatively limited scale. However, many ethnic Estonians, acting as auxiliary security forces under the guidance of the German security police, participated in the murder of several thousands of Estonian, Czech, and German Jews. Weiss-Wendt investigates these acts of genocide by posing the simple question: what prompted the Estonians to cooperate with the Nazis? He argues that the actions were voluntary but that the reasons varied.
Narrating the history of Estonia’s involvement, Weiss-Wendt presents lucid explanations regarding the relationships between nation building, mass violence, and the brutal effects of authoritarian oppression on occupied states.
The first book-length exploration of this aspect of the Holocaust, Murder Without Hatred: Estonians and the Holocaust enriches our knowledge of ethnic violence and reinvigorates current debates over the roots and operation of the Holocaust.
Anton Weiss-Wendt heads the research department at the Norwegian Holocaust Center in Oslo, Norway. He has published widely in the field of Holocaust studies.
6 x 9, 502 pages, 32 black and white illustrations, 15 maps